4 edition of The Myth of Japanese Homogeneity found in the catalog.
The Myth of Japanese Homogeneity
Herman W. Smith
April 2000 by Nova Science Publishers .
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||291|
Chapter 6, "Classify and Signify," analyzes Japanese ways of thinking in the construction of ethnic and national stereotypes about cultural others. It must be emphasised that as this field of research has developed, the definition of the term 'bilingualism' has gradually been expanded and refined. In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Social Forces First, there existed a widespread assumption that integration and transition for these individuals would prove simple, and there would soon be little difference between Nikkeijin and Japanese nationals.
In she helped found the Japan Journal of Multilingualism and Multiculturalism and has since served as its editor. The case of Nikkeijin migrant workers in Japan can tell us the fact that Japanese identity is largely influenced by the ideology of homogeneity which is constructed by putting emphasis of Japanese shared bloodline, language, and culture. These ideas of social Darwinian American exceptionalism were pervasive, such that they were even discussed in the upper echelons of academia, managing to stay relevant for decades. Before the advent of social Darwinism, nativists argued that Americans were exceptional because of their republican values. In the seventies, the term 'Japan Inc' symbolised the Western perception of a government, business, educational system and workforce that operated as a single entity. Moreover, an economic boom has led to increasing movement across the nation's borders, with millions of Japanese travelling abroad for business, education and pleasure, and hundreds of thousands of people from other countries coming to Japan to work and study.
As these individuals began to enter in large numbers, two contradictory positions on their perceived role in Japanese society arose. Download this essay With the advances of both the natural and social sciences, nativism and anti-immigration sentiments based on social Darwinism have largely fallen out of the mainstream culture in the United States. The notion proposed by these figures of Japan as a Family State, a cornerstone of Meiji ideology, took the entire nation as descended from the imperial line, hence of "pure blood" and as having inhabited the Japanese homeland from great antiquity. Then after the country was opened up in the late 19th Century, English, German and French words, especially technological terms, were borrowed as Japan frantically tried to catch up with the West. Yet, the greatest vitality of cultures comes from their inclusiveness.
Recollections of what I saw, what I lived through, and what I learned, during more than fifty years of social and literary experience.
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Equally prevalent, however, were those who regarded the Japanese as a mixture of races, with a significant portion of the ancestral population entering the archipelago recently, certainly later than the Ainu.
However, scholars from other parts of the world have gradually begun adding to the research in this field, testing hypotheses and theories generated in North America and Europe on other language combinations to see if they can be applied universally or if other theories need to be developed.
The image of Japan as a Family State could be maintained as valid ideology, it turned out, by any of three solutions proposed to the question of how to treat alien peoples, varying in their attitude to the threat of alien blood. Although at first glance and to its many devotees Inari worship may seem to be a unified phenomenon, it is in fact exceedingly multiple, noncodified, and noncentralized.
The TBS television series Smile is about Bito Hayakawa who was born to a Japanese mother and Filipino father, and struggled to overcome the difficulties faced as a mixed race child. Nikkeijin — or foreigners of Japanese descent — though the literal opposite of long-term Korean residents in terms of ethnicity of belonging and homeland, have had remarkably similar experiences when attempting to naturalize to the country.
Another issue which has been publicly debated but has not received much legislative attention is whether to allow permanent residents to vote in local legislatures.
Sugimoto p Also, the Nihonjinron writings are under criticisms by both domestic and foreign academics The Myth of Japanese Homogeneity book mystifying Japan and agitating nationalism.
These theories can be recognised as one of the various reasons why the Japanese identity and nationalisms have been constructed. A vicious pogrom resulted in the deaths of at least 3, Koreans, and the imprisonment of 26, For example, ina Korean woman who attempted to rent a room was refused because she was not a Japanese citizen.
This idea ultimately proved false. The answer remains unclear. In Japan, though, nihonjinron is still being disseminated and perpetuated by politicians and the media and remains entrenched in their society. Attempts have been made in the Diet to enact human rights legislation. The group is, namely, Nikkeijin in translation; Japanese descendants migrants mostly from South America.
Works Cited Brody, Betsy. That such diversity exists without the apparent knowledge of Inari worshippers is explained by the use of several communicative strategies that minimize the exchange of substantive information.
Figure 1: The Self-perpetuating Vicious Cycle of Homogeneity in Japan Despite the fact that both social Darwinism and nihonjinron have been discredited in academia, the tenets of nihonjinron still pervade Japanese society; in the United States, it has become uncommon to base American exceptionalism on Darwinian concepts like the nativists had in the s.
However, French cultural traditions will not disappear, for change is gradual and assimilating. The first large influx of such foreigners occurred in the s, when the Japanese government adopted a policy to give scholarships to large numbers of foreign students to study at Japanese universities.
Usui, Chikako. Germany will always be fundamentally Protestant in outlook. The Dictionary of Races, produced as a result of the U. Another singular view, proposed by Tanaka Chigaku and elaborated by his son Satomi Kishio, took the Japanese kokutai as a universal ethic destined to extend to all peoples regardless of racial identity.
In this stimulating and challenging book, sociologist John Lie observes that like all nation-states, Japan contains within its population a number of ethnic minorities with distinct histories and cultures.
In addition, as the Japanese economy grew quickly in the s, a sizable number of Westerners began coming to Japan.Miller P.C. () Challenging the Myth of Homogeneity in Japan in First-Year Writing.
In: Araki N. (eds) Diversity in Japanese Education. Critical New Literacies: Author: Paul Chamness Miller. Japan, Racism and the West By hymns to Japanese purity and homogeneity tend to reveal an ambiguous attitude toward the traditional "white" majorities in the West, while peoples outside this.
Although twelve years had passed since the original, in a largely unchanged Editor’s Introduction Weiner continues to refer to ‘the dominant paradigm of homogeneity’, ‘a master narrative/myth of racial and cultural homogeneity’ as justification for the present volume.
It is unlikely Weiner is referring to the academic discourse on Japan. Get this from a library! A genealogy of 'Japanese' self-images. [Eiji Oguma] -- Eiji Oguma demonstrates that the myth of ethnic homogeneity was not established during the Meiji period, nor during the Pacific War, but only after the end of World War II.
Oguma also examines how. This book presents a counter-argument to the widely held view that the Japanese have believed that they are a homogeneous nation since the Meiji period. Eiji Oguma demonstrates that the myth of ethnic homogeneity was not established during the Meiji period, nor Price: $ Oct 29, · British-born translator William Andrews combats this myth in “Dissenting Japan,” his recent history of the postwar Japanese left.
This much-needed book addresses a range of .