3 edition of Agricultural biotechnology in the developing world. found in the catalog.
Agricultural biotechnology in the developing world.
1995 by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in Rome .
Written in English
Includes bibliographical references.
|Series||FAO research and technology paper,, 6|
|Contributions||Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.|
|LC Classifications||S494.5.B563 A373 1995|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||vii, 162 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||162|
|LC Control Number||96201310|
Besides the expected economic and social impacts, the challenges for an adjustment of the international research structure are discussed, with a special focus on intellectual property rights and the roles of the main research organizations. Clearly, biotechnology is more than genetic engineering. The implications may be positive or negative; but the outcomes are not predetermined and are not inherent in biotechnology itself. In order to maximize yield and prevent crop death, genes can be engineered that help to regulate cold and heat tolerance. This 'silent holocaust' is 'unconscionable', pleads Ismail Serageldin of the World Bank.
Without successful agriculture, these people will have neither employment nor the resources they need for a better life Farming the land is the engine of progress in less developed countries. But the data in this and other chapters indicate there is great demand for transgenic solutions to cotton production challenges. For example, golden rice contains three genes that allow plants to produce compounds that are converted to vitamin A in the human body. The need for new technologies is great, as the seven academies describe: "Today, there are some million people who do not have access to sufficient food to meet their needs. In many places, the loss of a crucial crop to pests, diseases or weather can mean the difference between life or death, straining the resources and threatening the well-being of entire communities.
These policy processes occur at different scales, ranging from local negotiations about priorities for agricultural technology, to global debates concerning trade, property rights, biosafety regulation and the protection of biodiversity. Research is under way on sweetpotatoes that produce their own protection against SPFMV, as well as beans, cassava and other staple foods with enhanced natural tolerance to diseases, pests, and physical stresses. At the same time, biotechnology can help farmers produce more nutritious crops, while sustaining the land's ability to support continued farming. Fermentation biotechnology has led to the production of new livestock food additives, vitamins, and growth hormones, All in a fraction of the time it once took entire research teams to accomplish similar tasks. But in all or most places, the institutional infrastructure is simply not yet available to monitor pest damage, and keep a steady stream of adapted seeds in the pipeline to counter constantly evolving threats.
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Twenty-three chapters, written by a wide range of scholars and stake-holders, provide an up-to-date analysis of agricultural biotechnology developments in Latin America, Africa and Asia. The scientists challenge developers of genetically modified crops to make sure that their efforts address these needs, but they make it clear that private companies cannot be expected to do this work alone.
Yet while biotechnology may not be the only solution, it can be a valuable tool in the struggle to feed a hungry world. For example, the trait of male sterility is transferred from radishes to red cabbages by protoplast fusion.
Xing Wang Deng is the Daniel C. Strategic and marketing analysis 2 Marketing auditing and the analysis of capability 2. The source document for this Digest states: Broadly speaking, biotechnology is any technique that uses living organisms or substances from these organisms to make or modify a product for a practical purpose Box 2.
On the contrary: the outcomes will depend on issues of governance — the policy and regulatory choices of governments, scientists, companies and others. The South African case study, in fact, offers a chilling example of what can happen when an exclusive credit to market arrangement is damaged: the company that extends the credit goes out of business, and the farmers cannot access credit so cannot plant cotton at all p.
Biotechnology represents a frontier advance in agricultural science, and has far-reaching potential in advancing global food production in an environmentally sustainable manner, and to keep proving Thomas Malthus wrong. Burgeoning population, especially in the developing world, will soon outstrip food production.
Share this:. Mutagenesis[ edit ] Mutations can occur randomly in the DNA of any organism. Curiously, Tripp and his authors focus mainly on the technical, economic, and institutional issues, and hardly at all on this final simpler reasoning or on the larger, more complex social factors that make cotton of any kind a risky undertaking.
In rapid succession, the leading scientists around the world are attesting to the health and environmental safety of agricultural biotechnology, and now they are calling for genetically modified crops to be extended to the people who need it most - hungry people in the developing world.
In many countries, from Africa to Indonesia to South America, the cassava plant is an important source of starch, carbohydrates, protein, calcium, and vitamins A and Cand plays a key role in the diet and income of some million people worldwide. Globalisation and technology Given the rapid pace of technological change, the pace of economic globalisation and the changing international context for regulation, the development of effective national and local policy processes is a major challenge for all countries, and especially for countries of the South.
Nearly 40, people - half of them children - die every day due to hunger related causes. It should be emphasized that the tools of biotechnology are just that: tools, not ends in themselves.
Genomicsfor example, is revolutionizing our understanding of the ways genescellsorganisms and ecosystems function and is opening new horizons for marker-assisted breeding and genetic resource management.
Besides the expected economic and social impacts, the challenges for an adjustment of the international research structure are discussed, with a special focus on intellectual property rights and the roles of the main research organizations.
To meet the evidence demands of multiple disciplines, each chapter contains careful framing of research questions, evidence concerning cotton production and monetary costs of inputs and outputs, then summaries and conclusions. Worldwide, one in three children is underweight, and one in five is stunted due to undernourishment.
Protoplast fusion[ edit ] Protoplast fusion is the joining of cells or cell components to transfer traits between species. Food crops, Tripp notes, have always been part of multi-cropping strategies, which fit cotton into a rotation that includes wheat or some other grain or tuber crop.
John Wafula, the head of biotechnology research at the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute Kari : "The need for biotechnology in Africa is very clear. The faculty helped me with internships, job opportunities, professional advice, and personal advice; even as a professional, after graduate school, I still turn to them—the faculty make the College of Agriculture special.
Common GMO crops[ edit ] Currently, only a small number of genetically modified crops are available for purchase and consumption in the United States. In many places, the loss of a crucial crop to pests, diseases or weather can mean the difference between life or death, straining the resources and threatening the well-being of entire communities.Oct 23, · Modern Agricultural Biotechnology And Its Potential Usefulness And Effectiveness Words Oct 23, 4 Pages Debates over modern agricultural biotechnology and its potential usefulness and effectiveness are often characterized by deeply polarized stances.
Editorial Reviews. The product of research sponsored by the UK Department for International Development and a May workshop held in Rome, Italy, this book comprises 11 contributions from experts affiliated with the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (Rome, Italy) and the Institute for Plant Biology (U.
of Zurich, Switzerland), and from academics in agriculture, food economics Author: Timothy M. Swanson. Biotechnology, Agriculture and the Developing World This stimulating book should be widely read by agricultural and resource economists, development economists, and scholars and researchers of environmental economics.
Agricultural Biotechnology and Developing Countries: Proprietary Knowledge and Diffusion of Benefits. The Book Introduces The Concepts Of Participatory Plant Breeding And Diversified Site-Or Field Potential To Meet The Needs Of Small-Scale Farmers In Developing Countries Whose Traditional Wisdom And Indigenous Knowledge Can Be Put To Good Use Through Inputs From Modern Biotechnology For The Benefit Fo Humanity.
After a slow start many developing countries are now investing in agricultural biotechnology. Although these countries face several constraints, efforts are being made to promote biotechnology. Biotechnology may offer our best hope for significantly reducing this chemical stress to the environment.
From my perspective as an agricultural engineer whose career has focused on water and soil, the potential impact of biotechnology on the preservation of land resources would be significant.